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October 2017: On Learning Poetry with Akinsimoye Samuel O. Godson

Each passing season doesn’t really pass, it brings forth yet another; there is night so we can appreciate the day when it comes – as without death, life makes no sense… Don’t mind me, mind my words; they speak of me.

On that note, I welcome us to class, on Learning Poetry. On this edition, we shall be studying and adding the literary toga of rhyme to our caps today. Stop for a while and attempt these tasks using the 3Bs (1st B = (your) Brain, 2nd B = Book (a textbook), 3rd B = Buddy (a friend)):

Define rhyme

State any three types of rhyme

Highlight three ways of achieving rhyme.

Be sure you try the above before proceeding – would you cheat against yourself where you are your own invigilator? Of course not! So, let’s pause…

* * * * * * * * * * * *

Welcome back! Congrats if you attempted the tasks above. Here are some ideas on rhyme:


Rhyme is the identical musical undertone in a poetic piece. It gives a work of art a touch of rap that ordinarily, reading a piece with rhyme seems like one is singing a song. Let’s take this ride:

Just like raindrops falling from my eyes

Just like tears drops falling from the skies;

It’s like a blessing, a blessing in disguise

But we fail to realise

And I have to pay the price.

Young man, be careful and think it twice

Before you choose to use your device.     – TuFace Idibia (“Rain Drops”)

The above parts of words painted red are observed to sound alike. Try saying those words and you’ll realise they are musical. That is what is called rhyme – the musical sameness or similarity in the way words sound when said. Below are some definitions of rhyme:

  1. similarity in sound: a similarity in the sound of word endings, especially in poetry
  2. word sounding same as another: a word with an ending that sounds similar to the ending of another word
  3. poem: a poem, or poetry generally, of a light-hearted kind with a pattern of similar sounds at the ends of the lines


Masculine Rhyme: This is a situation when the words that are rhyming are stressed syllables i.e. when the parts that are sounding alike are the stressed syllables, then it is called MASCULINE RHYME. Consider:


In firm grips I felt a cuddle

To the ease, return a fondle

The parts of the words coloured red indicate the stressed syllables, hence where the masculine rhyme is achieved.

Feminine Rhyme: Your guess is as good as mine; feminine rhyme is when the rhyme is achieved on the unstressed syllable as the part painted purple in the above lines.


Perfect Rhyme: Please note that whether masculine or feminine, they are both examples of perfect rhymes. Hence, what is a perfect rhyme? Take a look at the excerpt below:


Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,

And sorry I could not travel both

And be one traveller, long I stood

And lookeddown one as far as I could

To where it bent in the undergrowth;-  Robert Frost (“The Road not


The words “wood”, “stood” and “could” have similar sound, hence we say the lines rhyme, and being that no flaw is observed in the rhyme, such rhyme is called PERFECT RHYME. – When the sounds in the rhyming words are not just assumed to have rhymed but obviously do so.

Eye Rhyme: This is also called imperfect rhyme. It is a situational rhyme, when a word rhymes with another word only in sight but not in sound. Most times, this rhyme is achieved by spelling not pronunciation of words. Consider the following lines:


There’s no height that I won’t move

If the move shall win your love.

The ‘ove’ ending the two words seems to tell of a rhyme, yes, to the eyes, not to the ears; when you pronounce the words, you get /mu:v/ and /l^v/…obviously, even to the deaf, the vowel sounds are different, hence the rhyme is imperfect.

End Rhyme: All the above examples are examples of end rhyme because the place where the rhyming words are located is at the end of the lines of poetry; you see why it is called END RHYME? It is achieved at the end of lines.


Internal Rhyme: If it’s not end rhyme, then it is internal rhyme. Check this out:

We were in our clans, eating our barns

Where with calm we share our yams

You will agree with me that in line 1, ‘clans’ and ‘barns’ rhyme while in line 2, calm and yams do rhyme. Since the words aren’t rhyming at the end like other experimented lines above, but seeing the words that are rhyming are in the same line, it is called INTERNAL RHYME. However, note that the rhyme could be internal as seen below:

When it rains, man winces

Like in chains, he groans…

B R E A K T I M E !

WARNING: Don’t in the chase of rhyme lost your message.

Let’s continue on or WhatsApp on +2347030226416 – Your feedback is important. Thank you!


This is an excerpt from Youth Shades Magazine October 2017 Issue. Click here to get your copy for free.


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